Conservation and rehabilitation of degraded soils in Western Kenya - ProSoil
The Soil Protection and Rehabilitation (ProSoil) project in Western Kenya was funded by the BMZ One World Without Hunger (SEWOH) initative. It used a micro-catchment approach, where on-farm and off-farm Soil Protection and Rehabilitation (SPR) measures are combined, trying to involve all stakeholders within the catchment in and participatory planning, implementation and monitoring of these measures. For on-farm measures, the project trained and sensitised farmers to make an individual commitment. They included elements from Conservation Agriculture (mininal tillage, cover crops, crop rotation, intercropping), integrated soil fertility management, push-pull technology, biological fertiliser, disease, pest and weed control, and agroforestry. For off-farm measures, the project worked with Water Resource User Associations (WRUAs) and farmer groups to include them in their management plans. They included vegetative Cross Slope Barriers (CSB), small stone walls along slopes and rivers, afforestation, and drainage ditches. For the trainings, a cascade structure was adopted, including local Implementing Partners (IPs), model farmers and pilot fields, ensuring local ownership and the ability to reach large numbers of farmers.