Conservation and rehabilitation of degraded soils in Western Kenya
The Soil Protection and Rehabilitation (ProSoil) project in Western Kenya is funded by the BMZ One World Without Hunger (SEWOH) initative. It uses a micro-catchment approach, where on-farm and off-farm Soil Protection and Rehabilitation (SPR) measures are combined, trying to involve all stakeholders within the catchment in and participatory planning, implementation and monitoring of these measures. For on-farm measures, the project trains and sensitizes farmers to make an individual commitment. They include elements from Conservation Agriculture (mininal tillage, cover crops, crop rotation, intercropping), integrated soil fertility management, push-pull technology, biological fertilizer, disease, pest and weed control, and agroforestry. For off-farm measures, the project works with Water Resource User Associations (WRUAs) and farmer groups to include them in their management plans. They include vegetative Cross Slope Barriers (CSB), small stone walls along slopes and rivers, afforestation, and drainage ditches. For the trainings, a cascade structure is adopted, including local Implementing Partners (IPs), model farmers and pilot fields, ensuring local ownership and the ability to reach large numbers of farmers.