Biodiversity conservation and climate protection in the Gunung Leuser Ecosystem
The project goal is to contribute to Biodiversity Conservation and Climate Protection in the Gunung Leuser Ecosystem. Therefore selected communities in Aceh Selatan, Singkil and Subulussalam are supported in conservation-oriented development activities and in resolving conflicts with the Gunung Leuser Ecosystem and adjacent primary forests. In addition, capacities of conservation-related institutions in the selected districts are strengthened. The project works in over 40 communities through a free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) oriented approach, Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), Participatory Land Use Planning (PLUP), resulting in annual village development plans and community conservation and environment protection agreements. Thereby the project applies a participatory approach, safeguarding and monitoring social and environmental standards. To enhance these efforts Payments for Environmental Services (PES) are introduced as an innovative approach. For support and monitoring satellite imagery time line analysis, GIS web-connected centers established by the project and drones are used. In addition, capacities of conservation-related institutions in the selected districts are strengthened and their coordination and collaboration with villages bordering to protected areas enhanced.
The project has achieved that a conservation landscape and bufferzone-oriented approach is taking shape, contributing to the development of climate adaptive capacities and strategies of local communities and institutions. Thereby it reaches out to 71 villages with over 65,000 inhabitants, and working intensively with 42 villages in 161,507 ha buffer zone of the Gunung Leuser National Park (TNGL) and the Rawa Singkil Swamp Sanctuary (SMRS). Through these actvites over 200 million tons carbon have successfully been stored. During the extension phase project activities will be expanded in at least 10 villages in two new distrcits in the central region of the National Park Gunung Leuser.